The White-throated Storm-petrel Nesofregetta fuliginosa is classified as ‘Endangered (EN)’ in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is native to Chile, Fiji, French Polynesia and Kiribati (BirdLife International 2010).
The current known population is 1,000-1,600 mature individuals. However this is based on surveys from the 1990s and as such the population may actually be lower than this (BirdLife International 2011). It usually nests in colonies with burrows dug in sand, under vegetation or in rock-crevices (BirdLife International 2011).
A major threat to the White-throated Storm-petrel is predation by rats (Rattus spp.) and cats (Felis catus). Predation of eggs and small chicks by the house mouse Mus musculus) is an additional threat (BirdLife International 2011).